The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2012 , Vol 54 , Num 1
A Rare Metabolic Complication of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Childhood: Lactic Acidosis
Units of 1Pediatric Hematology and 3Pediatric Nephrology, 2Department of Pediatrics, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey Gökçe M, Ünal Ş, Gülşen H, Başaran Ö, Çetin M, Gümrük F, Beşbaş N, Gürgey A. A rare metabolic complication of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in childhood: lactic acidosis. Turk J Pediatr 2012; 54: 61-63.

A 13-year-old boy presented with nausea, fatigue, weight loss, and bone pain for two months. Complete blood count and serum renal and liver function tests were all normal. Blood gas analysis revealed severe metabolic acidosis with high anion gap. Lactate level was 61.2 mmol/L. Abdominal ultrasonography yielded bilateral nephromegaly and hepatomegaly with increased echogenicity. Peripheral blood smear revealed 2% blasts. Bone marrow aspiration showed ‘Common ALL Antigen’-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia by flow cytometric analysis. Metabolic acidosis dissolved as soon as chemotherapy was begun. Lactic acidosis at the presentation of acute lymphoblastic leukemia –especially with low tumor burden- is a very rare and almost always fatal complication. Our patient is still alive and in remission, which is a point of interest in this child. Keywords : lactic acidosis, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, metabolic, complication.

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