The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2021 , Vol 63 , Num 5
Tobacco use among working adolescents and high school students in Turkey: evaluating the effect of the national tobacco control policy
Erkan Çakır 1 ,Hakan Yazan 1 ,Nazlı Karacabey 2 ,Ahmet Hakan Gedik 1 ,Ali Özdemir 3 ,Nezih Varol 4 ,Fazilet Karakoç 5 ,Refika Ersu 5 ,Bülent Karadağ 5 ,Elif Dağlı 5
1 Division of Pediatric Pulmonology, Bezmialem Vakif University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul
2 Department of Pediatrics, Bezmialem Vakif University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul
3 Division of Pediatric Pulmonology, Mersin Children’s Hospital, Mersin
4 Marmara University Faculty of Health Education, İstanbul
5 Division of Pediatric Pulmonology, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.24953/turkjped.2021.05.003 Background. In our previous published study conducted in 2006 before the national tobacco control program (NTCP), we found that working adolescents (WA) more frequently consumed cigarettes than high school students (HSS). The objective of the present study was to compare the smoking status of WA and HSS before and after the NTCP.

Methods. A questionnaire including questions about the participant`s socio-economic level and smoking status was administered.

Results. There were 668 subjects in the 2006 study and 869 subjects in the 2015 study. When we compared the 2015 results with the 2006 study, while there was a significant decline in the ever smokers (p <0.001), there was no difference in current smokers in both the female and male WA groups. In the HSS group, there was a significant decline in ever smokers (p <0.01), for both females and males. While there was a significant decline in current female smokers (p=0,002), no significant decrease was found in current male smokers (p >0.05) in the HSS group.

Conclusions. After the initiation of the NTCP, we have not seen a reduction in the smoking rates of both female and male WA and male HSS. The NTCP should particularly focus on the adolescent group in Turkey. Keywords : tobacco, adolescents, tobacco control

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