The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2023 , Vol 65 , Num 1
Assessment of aortic elasticity parameters in obese and overweight children
Noor Mohammad Noori 1 ,Maryam Nakhaei-Moghadam 1 ,Alireza Teimouri 1
1 Children and Adolescents Health Research Center, Research Institute of Cellular and Molecular Science in Infectious Diseases, Zahedan University of Medical Science’s, Zahedan, Iran DOI : 10.24953/turkjped.2020.3365 Background. Aortic elasticity is a predictor and recognized factor for future cardiovascular events in children. The aim of the study was to evaluate the aortic stiffness in obese and overweight children compared to healthy ones.

Methods. The study evaluated 98 sex matched children aged 4 to 16 years that were equally distributed in asymptomatic obese or overweight and healthy children groups. All the participants were free of any heart diseases. Arterial stiffness indices were determined using two-dimensional echocardiography.

Results. The mean ages in the obese and healthy children were 10.40±2.50 years and 10.06±1.53 years, respectively. Aortic strain was significantly higher in obese children (20.70±5.04%), compared to healthy (7.06±3.77%) and overweight children (18.59±8.08%, p<0.001). Aortic distensibility (AD) was significantly higher in obese children (0.010±0.005 cm2dyn-1x10-6), compared to healthy (0.0036±0.004 cm2dyn-1x10-6) and overweight children (0.009±0.005 cm2dyn-1x10-6, p<0.001). Aortic strain beta (ASβ) index, was significantly higher in healthy children (9.26±6.17). Pressure-strain elastic modulus (PSEM) was significantly higher in healthy children (7.52±4.76 kPa). Systolic blood pressure increased with body mass index (BMI) significantly (p<0.001) but diastolic blood pressure did not change (p=0.143). BMI had significant effect on arterial stiffness (AS) (β=0.732, p<0.001), AD (β=0.636, p<0.001), ASβ index (β=-0.573, p<0.001) and PSEM (β=-0.578, p<0.001). Age had significant effect on systolic diameter of the aorta (β=0.340, p<0.001) and diastolic diameter of the aorta (β=0.407, p<0.001).

Conclusions. We concluded that aortic strain and aortic distensibility increased in obese children when aortic strain beta index and PSEM decreased. This result suggests that, as atrial stiffness is a predictor for future heart diseases, dietary treatment for children with overweight or obese status is important. Keywords : aortic elasticity, obese, overweight, children

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