The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2022 , Vol 64 , Num 2
A rare complication of pulmonary tuberculosis in childhood: Rasmussen`s aneurysm in a 9-year-old child with Down syndrome
Elif Böncüoğlu 1 ,Celal Çınar 2 ,Elif Kıymet 1 ,İlknur Çağlar 1 ,Aybüke Akaslan Kara 1 ,Nuri Bayram 1 ,İlker Devrim 1
1 Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, University of Health Sciences Dr. Behçet Uz Child Disease and Pediatric Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İzmir
2 Department of Interventional Radiology, Ege University, Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey
DOI : 10.24953/turkjped.2021.1617 Background. As an extremely rare entity reported in children, Rasmussen`s aneurysm is an inflammatory pseudo-aneurysmal dilatation of a branch of the pulmonary artery adjacent to or within a tuberculous cavity.

Case. Here, we reported a 9-year-old child with Down syndrome who presented with massive hemoptysis. Endovascular coil embolization was performed for Rasmussen`s aneurysm. During the 2-year follow-up period, she had no further episodes of bleeding.

Conclusions. In case of the development of massive hemoptysis in the follow-up of a patient with pulmonary tuberculosis and Down syndrome, this lethal complication should be considered. Keywords : child, Down syndrome, rasmussen`s aneurysm, tuberculosis

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