The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2021 , Vol 63 , Num 5
Can peripheral blood monocyte percentage and lymphocyte monocyte ratio at diagnosis predict survival in pediatric neuroblastoma patients?
Koray Yalçın 1 ,Gülen Tüysüz 1 ,Funda Tayfun Küpesiz 1 ,Selen Bozkurt 2 ,Alphan Küpesiz 1 ,Elif Güler 1
1 Departments of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology and BMT Unit, Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey
2 Departments of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey
DOI : 10.24953/turkjped.2021.05.016 Background. Previous studies have shown that the immune system plays a critical role in cancer pathogenesis. The lymphocyte monocyte ratio (LMR) and monocyte percentage (MP) have been found to be prognostic factors in various types of adult cancers. But studies about pediatric tumors are scarce and to our knowledge, there are no studies evaluating the immune system effect in pediatric neuroblastoma patients. The aim of this study was to assess whether LMR and MP at diagnosis may have an effect on prognosis in neuroblastoma patients.

Methods. We retrospectively analyzed MP and LMR at diagnosis in 71 pediatric neuroblastoma patients treated between 2002 and 2016.

Results. The optimal cut-off values of LMR and MP were determined using the receiver operating characteristics curves (ROC) and area under the curve (AUC). We found that a low LMR (≤3.5) and a high MP (≥7.5%) were correlated with worse overall survival and shorter event-free survival in univariate analysis. Multivariate analysis revealed that elevated LMR was an independent factor for better OS and EFS.

Conclusions. In conclusion, LMR and MP might be valuable prognostic factors for predicting OS in neuroblastoma patients. Multicenter and prospective studies are warranted to confirm this hypothesis. Keywords : neuroblastoma, lymphocyte monocyte ratio, monocyte percentage, immune system

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