The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 2019 , Vol 61 , Num 4
Eleven-year surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis in southwestern Iran
Ali Akbar Momen 1 ,Abdolhussein Shakurnia 2 ,Mehdi Momen 3
1 Departments of Pediatric, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Departments of Immunology, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Departments o Internal Medicine Resident at Elmhurst Hospital, NY, USA
DOI : 10.24953/turkjped.2019.04.011 Momen AA, Shakurnia A, Momen M. Eleven-year surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis in southwestern Iran. Turk J Pediatr 2019; 61: 544-551.

The purpose of the study was to report the results of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance in the southwestern Iran in the 11 years' period. This is a retrospective descriptive study based on WHO guidelines. The collected data includes all pediatric AFP cases reported between of January 2006 to December 2016 by all health centers of Khuzestan province in Southwest of Iran. During an eleven-year period, 274 cases of AFP were reported in Khuzestan Province. Among them, 56.9% were younger than five years of age, and 55.9% were male. None of these cases was confirmed as poliomyelitis. The annual incidence of non-polio AFP ranged from 1.46/100,000 to 3.11/100,000 (Mean: 2.04 cases/100,000). The incidence rate of AFP in children under five years of age was significantly higher compared to older children (p=0.001), and the most common cause of paralysis (74.5%) was Guillain-Barre syndrome. All performance indicators met the WHO-specified targets. The follow-up of patients with AFP is essential to the eradication of poliomyelitis. Keywords : acute flaccid paralysis, surveillance, poliomyelitis eradication, southwestern Iran

Copyright © 2016 turkishjournalpediatrics.org